Female pigs are called gilts if they have not had a litter before. If they have had a litter of piglets, they are called sows.
It is a good idea to spay your pig to prevent several undesirable traits. These can be activities such as peeing on furniture and the floor, aggressiveness, mounting behavior toward other animals and people and strong odors.
It is best to spay a pig when it is around 4 to 6 months of age. Spaying this young helps prevent the increase of hormones that bring on these behaviors. This is to help prevent the undesirable traits from becoming manifest.
Older pigs can develop tumors in the uterus if they are not spayed. They can also be at a risk for infections such as pyometra and mastitis.
Preparing for Surgery
It is recommended to do blood work prior to surgery to ensure your pig is healthy and will be at the lowest risk during surgery. Your pig will be receiving tranquilizer drugs to help calm it prior to surgery, then it will receive gas anesthesia to help it sleep. Our technician will have monitoring equipment on your pig to ensure it is healthy and performing well during its surgical procedure. We monitor heart rate, respiratory rate and temperature frequently during its procedure.
Please ask your pig’s surgeon what they recommend on feeding and giving water to your pig prior to surgery.
Your pig will receive pain medication drugs and antibiotics after the procedure is over to help your pigs recovery.
When surgery is completed, your pig will need a small, quiet, darker area away from other animals to help it recover. Being away from other animals will help it to be calm. Ensure your pigs bedding is clean and dry. Your pig’s surgeon will let you know if there are any medications needed to be given in the days after surgery.
Food should be offered after several hours post-surgery. Be patient and give your pig time to gain its appetite back. Offer small portions. Feeding easily digestible foods such as canned pumpkin, applesauce, yogurt, cottage cheese, peanut butter and fruits such as watermelon and cucumber will help keep up your pigs appetite.
Regular feeding can begin the day after surgery. Younger pigs recover more quickly, so please keep your pig’s age in mind for recovery time.
Things to Look for Post-Surgery
If your pig is not eating after 3 or 4 days, please call your veterinarian and ask for their advice.
Watch the incision site from of the spay and make sure it isn’t showing redness, swelling, oozing a thick or colored pus like liquid from the incision line. Watch for a temperature in your pig. You can feel an ear to get an idea if it is running a fever. It is advisable to avoid baths or water on the incision for around 10 days after surgery.
If you have any questions or concerns post-surgery, please contact your veterinarian right away.Return to Pig Services